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freeRouter is a free, open source router os process
it speaks routing protocols, and (re)encapsulates packets on interfaces
(a huge list of encapsulation and routing test cases can be found under self-test page)
since it handles packets itself, it is independent of underlaying os capabilities
(optionally, it can export forwarding tables to switches via openflow or p4lang)
since it is an unprivilegized process, it receives and sends packets through sockets
there are external, privileged processes that place traffic to these sockets
(it means that internet can be used as backplane for router processes)
the command line tries to mimic the industry standards with one exception:
no global routing table: every routed interface must be in a virtual routing table
positive side effect: there are no vrf-awareness questions

connectivity tests executed on a network of virtual routers
and these test results are compared to predefined values
when a feature introduced, test cases are created for it
before releasing a version, all the test cases have to pass
these also serve as a guide about how to configure features

summary of features
forwarding: ipv4, ipv6, ipx, mpls, nsh, layer2, irb, atom, eompls, vpls, evpn
routing protocols: ospf, isis, bgp, rip, eigrp, babel, olsr, pim, msdp
lsp support: p2p, p2mp, mp2mp built by bgp, ldp, rsvp-te, sr, sr-te, bier
crypto: macsec, ipsec, ikev1, ikev2, tls, dtls, ssh, openvpn, wireguard
tunnel: gre, ipip, l2tp, pptp, lisp, geneve, nvgre, vxlan, etherip
encapsulation: ethernet, vlan, nsh, ppp, framerelay, pwether, virtppp, hairpin
misc: acl, hqos, nat, pbr, srv6, vrrp, hsrp, transproxy, 6to4, rpl, tunnel, vpdn, pcep


information read papers or usage tips
view screenshots or selftests
browse source, view signature
contact author, read greetings
read design, testing or releasing
look at pvrp, lsrp or discuss
download try online or offline demo
download binary or source
get iso ova vmdk qcow2 gns3a
(serial console only, 1gb ram)

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